[Cin] HDV with PCM audio as Blu-ray video burned to BD-RE discs

Terje J. Hanssen terjejhanssen at gmail.com
Tue Dec 6 01:08:19 CET 2022

I had to troubleshoot and replace a bad SATA power connector to my 
internal LG Blu-ray burner that caused confusing disc mount issues and 
delay, before the burner device worked properly again.

lsscsi | grep BD
[5:0:0:0]    cd/dvd  HL-DT-ST BD-RE  BH10LS30  1.02  /dev/sr0

So far I have tested successful burning on BD50-RE DL discs with 
K3b/cdrecord using a single 2GB HDV clip with PCM transcoded audio 
written to Blu-ray video UDF image. For HDV this time I've tested BD-RE 
discs from two manufacturers, Verbatim and unlabeled (dealer Slowmoose). 
Last year I tested also SD-Bluray video successful burned on TDK BD-RE 

And most important, the discs starts as autoplay after loading in my 
Samsung UBD-K8500 Blu-ray hardware player. The quality of interlaced 
video and PCM audio seems for me equivalent via VLC and Samsung BD 
player. Testing is executed on VLC/Leap 15.4 workstation and Samsung 
BD-player, both connected to the same Asus 27" LCD monitor (PB2780Q), 
easy switchable via DP and HDMI ports respectively.

To summarize and repeat procedure for this test case:

 > ffmpeg -i  hdv01_m2t -c:v copy -c:a pcm_bluray -mpegts_m2ts_mode 1 
# mkudffs -b 2048 /tmp/hdv01_m2t_pcm_bluray.udfs 1126663
# mount -o loop /tmp/hdv01_m2t_pcm_bluray.udfs /mnt/test
# /home/terje/mountpoint/usr/bin/bdwrite /mnt/test hdv01_m2t_pcm_bluray.mts
# umount /mnt/test

K3b: Burn CD-image, 2x speed (BD50-RE DL)
image to burn; /tmp/hdv01_m2t_pcm_bluray.udfs
(not recognizeable, but selece burn it anyway, 2-4x times)
image type: Auto
Burning program: cdrecord
(warning to add the actual user to cdrom group)

A question before leaving some error/warning details from various tools 
output/log below:

Is it possible to get bdwrite to keep the original, multiple video clip 
names? In this case single clip: hdv01.mts


K3b/cdrecord log:

HL-DT-ST BD-RE  BH10LS30 1.02 (/dev/sr0, CD-R, CD-RW, CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, 
[DVD-ROM, Sekvensiell DVD-R, Sekvensiell tolags DVD-R, Bytt lag på 
tolags DVD-R, DVD-RAM, DVD-RW Begrenset overskriving, DVD-RW 
Sekvensiell, DVD+RW, DVD+R, Tolags DVD+R, CD-ROM, CD-R, CD-RW, BD-ROM, 
Sekvensiell DVD-R (SRM), BD-R Tilfeldig(RRM), BD-R] [SAO, TAO, RAW, 
SAO/R96P, SAO/R96R, RAW/R16, RAW/R96P, RAW/R96R, Begrenset overskriving, 
Bytt lag, Tilfeldig opptak, Sekvensielt opptak , Sekvensielt opptak + 
POW] [%7]

K3b Version: 21.12.3
KDE Version: 5.90.0
Qt Version:  5.15.2
Kernel:      5.14.21-150400.24.33-default

Used versions
cdrecord: 3.2a09

cdrecord: Insufficient 'file read' privileges. You will not be able to 
open all needed devices.
cdrecord: Insufficient 'file write' privileges. You will not be able to 
open all needed devices.
cdrecord: Insufficient 'device' privileges. You may not be able to send 
all needed SCSI commands, this my cause various unexplainable problems.
cdrecord: Insufficient 'network' privileges. You will not be able to do 
remote SCSI.
scsidev: '/dev/sr0'
devname: '/dev/sr0'
scsibus: -2 target: -2 lun: -2
Warning: Open by 'devname' is unintentional and not supported.
Linux sg driver version: 3.5.27
SCSI buffer size: 64512
cdrecord: Warning: DMA resid 0 for 'read buffer', actual data is too short.
cdrecord: Warning: The DMA speed test has been skipped.
Cdrecord-ProDVD-ProBD-Clone 3.02a09 (x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu) Copyright 
(C) 1995-2016 Joerg Schilling
TOC Type: 1 = CD-ROM
Using libscg version 'schily-0.9'.
Driveropts: 'burnfree'
atapi: 1
Device type    : Removable CD-ROM
Version        : 5
Response Format: 2
Capabilities   :
Vendor_info    : 'HL-DT-ST'
Identifikation : 'BD-RE  BH10LS30 '
Revision       : '1.02'
Device seems to be: Generic mmc2 DVD-R/DVD-RW/DVD-RAM.
Current: BD-RE
Profile: BD-ROM
Profile: BD-R sequential recording
Profile: BD-R random recording
Profile: BD-RE (current)
Profile: DVD-RAM
Profile: DVD-R sequential recording
Profile: DVD-R/DL sequential recording
Profile: DVD-R/DL layer jump recording
Profile: DVD-RW sequential recording
Profile: DVD-RW restricted overwrite
Profile: DVD+RW
Profile: DVD+R
Profile: DVD+R/DL
Profile: DVD-ROM
Profile: CD-R
Profile: CD-RW
Profile: CD-ROM
Profile: Removable Disk (current)
Using generic SCSI-3/mmc-3 BD-RE driver (mmc_bdre).
Driver flags   : NO-CD BD MMC-3 BURNFREE
Supported modes: PACKET SAO LAYER_JUMP
Drive buf size : 2031616 = 1984 KB
Drive pbuf size: 3850240 = 3760 KB
FIFO size      : 4194304 = 4096 KB
Track 01: data  2200 MB
Total size:     2200 MB = 1126663 sectors
Current Secsize: 2048
Trying to clear drive status.
WARNING: Drive returns zero media size, correcting.
Blocks total: 23652352 Blocks current: 23652352 Blocks remaining: 22525689
Reducing transfer size from 64512 to 32768 bytes.
Starting to write CD/DVD/BD at speed 2 in real SAO mode for single session.
Last chance to quit, starting real write in 3 seconds.
    2 seconds.
    1 seconds.
    0 seconds. Operation starts.
Waiting for reader process to fill input buffer ... input buffer ready.
Starting new track at sector: 0
Track 02:    0 of 2200 MB written.
Track 02:    1 of 2200 MB written (fifo  88%)   0,0x.
Track 02:    2 of 2200 MB written (fifo  99%) [buf  50%]   0,1x.
Track 02:    3 of 2200 MB written (fifo  96%) [buf  50%]   2,0x.
Track 02:    4 of 2200 MB written (fifo  97%) [buf  50%]   0,6x.
Track 02:    5 of 2200 MB written (fifo  99%) [buf  50%]   2,0x
.......... snip ........
Track 02:    6 of 2200 MB written (fifo  96%) [buf  50%]   0,6x.
Track 02:    7 of 2200 MB written (fifo  98%) [buf  50%]   2,0x
Track 02: 2199 of 2200 MB written (fifo 100%) [buf  50%]   2,0x.
Track 02: 2200 of 2200 MB written (fifo 100%) [buf  50%]   0,6x.
Track 02: Total bytes read/written: 2307405824/2307405824 (1126663 sectors).
Writing  time:  562.967s (00:09:22.967)
Average write speed   0,9x.
Min drive buffer fill was 50%
Fixating time:    2.046s (00:00:02.046)
cdrecord: fifo had 70417 puts and 70417 gets.
cdrecord: fifo was 0 times empty and 12961 times full, min fill was 77%.

cdrecord command:
/usr/bin/cdrecord -v gracetime=2 dev=/dev/sr0 speed=2 -sao 
driveropts=burnfree -data -tsize=1126663s -


terje at localhost:~> bd_info /dev/sr0
Using libbluray version 1.3.0
Volume Identifier   : LinuxUDF
BluRay detected     : yes
First Play supported: yes
Top menu supported  : yes
HDMV titles         : 1
BD-J titles         : 0
UNSUPPORTED titles  : 0

BD-J detected       : no

AACS detected       : no

BD+ detected        : no

Application info:
   initial mode preference : 2D
   3D content exists       : No
   video format            : ignored (0x0)
   frame rate              : ignored (0x0)
   initial dynamic range   : SDR (0x0)
   provider data           : '                                '

No disc library metadata


terje at localhost:~> bd_list_titles /dev/sr0
Main title: 1
index:   1 duration: 00:10:58 chapters:   4 angles:  1 clips:   1 
(playlist: 00000.mpls) V:1 A:1  PG:0  IG:0  SV:0 SA:0


ffprobe -hide_banner bluray:/dev/sr0
[bluray @ 0x560bad897b80] 1 usable playlists:
[bluray @ 0x560bad897b80] playlist 00000.mpls (0:10:58)
[bluray @ 0x560bad897b80] selected 00000.mpls
[mpegts @ 0x560bad898f80] probed stream 2 failed
[mpegts @ 0x560bad898f80] stream 1 : no PTS found at end of file, 
duration not set
bluray.c:300: 00000.m2ts: no timestamp for SPN 0 (got 0). clip 
[mpegts @ 0x560bad898f80] Could not find codec parameters for stream 2 
(Unknown: none): unknown codec
Consider increasing the value for the 'analyzeduration' (0) and 
'probesize' (5000000) options
Input #0, mpegts, from 'bluray:/dev/sr0':
   Duration: 00:10:58.92, start: 1.440000, bitrate: 27912 kb/s
   Program 1
       service_name    : Service01
       service_provider: FFmpeg
   Stream #0:0[0x1011]: Video: mpeg2video (Main) ([2][0][0][0] / 
0x0002), yuv420p(tv, bt709, top first), 1440x1080 [SAR 4:3 DAR 16:9], 
25000 kb/s, 25 fps, 25 tbr, 90k tbn
     Side data:
       cpb: bitrate max/min/avg: 25000000/0/0 buffer size: 7340032 
vbv_delay: N/A
   Stream #0:1[0x1100]: Audio: pcm_bluray ([128][0][0][0] / 0x0080), 
48000 Hz, stereo, s16, 1536 kb/s
   No Program
   Stream #0:2[0x1fff]: Unknown: none
Unsupported codec with id 0 for input stream 2


terje at localhost:~> udfinfo /dev/sr0
udfinfo: Warning: Device '/dev/sr0' is busy, udfinfo may report bogus 
udfinfo: Warning: Second and third Anchor Volume Descriptor Pointer not 
udfinfo: Warning: Logical Volume is in inconsistent state
owner=Linux mkudffs 1.3
organization=Linux udftools 1.3
appid=*Linux mkudffs
impid=*Linux UDFFS
start=16, blocks=3, type=VRS
start=256, blocks=1, type=ANCHOR
start=257, blocks=16, type=MVDS
start=273, blocks=1, type=LVID
start=274, blocks=1126132, type=PSPACE
start=1126646, blocks=16, type=RVDS



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